never ending curiousity
–> analogia, analogos, “proportionality”, “proportion”, from ana “up”, “upwards”, “upon”, “throughout”, “continuous”, and logos “ratio”, “reasoned”
–>analyein, “to resolve”, “to unloose” from ana “up” and lyein “to loosen”, “to untie” to study how they relate to the whole by analyzing ordinary language, we can better understand the nature of philosophical problems.
arguing by comparing the similarities between things : if two things are alike in many respects, it is probable that they will be alike in other respects. The specific argument form is :
Since x and y are observed to be alike in respects a, b, c,… they therefore are probably alike in further respects m, n, o,… which characteristics have been observed in one of the two things being compared but not yet in the other.
such specific arguments from analogy are never conclusive and do not serve as proof.
we have learned to read the signs
5 anggota silogisme :
4. Penerapan Bukti
“Believing is just the begining”
Asaro 25 April 2010
Francis Bacon : finding the essence of a thing was a simple process of reduction, and the use of inductive reasoning. In finding the cause of a phenomenal nature such as heat, one must list all of the situations where heat is found. Then another list should be drawn up, listing situations that are similar to those of the first list except for the lack of heat. A third table lists situations where heat can vary. The form nature, or cause, of heat must be that which is common to all instances in the first table, is lacking from all instances of the second table and varies by degree in instances of the third table.